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This guide provides the procedure for recovering the admin account password login from the ETH interface for X86 platform switches. If you forget the admin password, use the password recovery procedure to reset the admin password.

Step1           Login to the switch through the console port.

Step2           Power cycle the switch.

Step3           Enter ONIE.

 +----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | PicOS                                                                      | 
 |*ONIE                                                                       |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |                                                                            | 
 +----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
      Use the ^ and v keys to select which entry is highlighted.          
      Press enter to boot the selected OS, `e' to edit the commands       
      before booting or `c' for a command-line.                           
                                                                                

Step4           From GRUB prompt,  Choose ONIE: Rescue to boot ONIE in rescue mode.

                    GNU GRUB  version 2.02~beta2+e4a1fe391
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| ONIE: Install OS                                                           | 
|*ONIE: Rescue                                                               |
| ONIE: Uninstall OS                                                         |
| ONIE: Update ONIE                                                          |
| ONIE: Embed ONIE                                                           |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            | 
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

 Step5           Check out the partition on which "PICOS-GRUB" resides.

ONIE:/ # blkid
/dev/sda6: LABEL="User-Data" UUID="da55e09c-0e7b-4d96-a8c9-bee2ed5bb42c"
/dev/sda5: LABEL="PicOS2" UUID="3f228548-64c1-492c-ad3d-8ca7d248c11a"
/dev/sda4: LABEL="PicOS" UUID="039453f9-0879-4c86-9e0b-8ef4d34d9a66"
/dev/sda3: LABEL="PICOS-GRUB" UUID="b3a8ab95-43f9-4f21-9c76-7f48101be381"
/dev/sda2: LABEL="ONIE-BOOT" UUID="7fcaa6c8-d174-42c1-abd1-8c6eea46eb6b"
/dev/sda1: LABEL="EFI System" UUID="36E9-D2F5"
ONIE:/ #

We find that the partition of LABEL="PICOS-GRUB" is /dev/sda3.

Step6           Issue the following commands to check whether the currently running system is PicOS or PicOS2 in the partition running "PICOS-GRUB".

                     In this example, "PICOS-GRUB" is on partition /dev/sda3 according to Step 5, so we mount /dev/sda3.

# mount /dev/sda3 /mnt
ONIE:/ # cat /mnt/grub/grubenv
# GRUB Environment Block
######################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################## GRUB Environment Block
default=PICOS-3.8.0.1+1
#######################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################
ONIE:/ #

ONIE:/ # cat /mnt/grub/grub.cfg
serial --port=0x3f8 --speed=115200 --word=8 --parity=no --stop=1
terminal_input serial
terminal_output serial 

set timeout=5 
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
fi

if [ "${saved_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${saved_entry}"
   set saved_entry=
   save_env saved_entry
fi

 menuentry PICOS-3.8.0.1+2 {
        search --no-floppy --label --set=root PicOS
        linux /boot/vmlinuz root=LABEL=PicOS rw fsck.mode=force fsckfix  rootfstype=ext4 console=ttyS0,115200n8 intel_iommu=off nospectre_v2 nopti platform=n3200
        initrd /boot/initrd.img
}

menuentry PICOS-3.8.0.1+1 {
        search --no-floppy --label --set=root PicOS2
        linux /boot/vmlinuz root=LABEL=PicOS2 rw fsck.mode=force fsckfix  rootfstype=ext4 console=ttyS0,115200n8 intel_iommu=off nospectre_v2 nopti platform=n3200
        initrd /boot/initrd.img
}

menuentry ONIE {
        search --no-floppy --label --set=root "EFI System"
        echo    'Loading ONIE ...'
        chainloader /EFI/onie/grubx64.efi
}
ONIE:/ #

1)  First, find out the default version of the system.

      From the line with "default=PICOS-3.8.0.1+1",  we find that the default version of the system is PICOS-3.8.0.1, and the label is 1.

2)  Then, check out whether the currently running system is PicOS or PicOS2.

      According to "PICOS-3.8.0.1+1",  find the following block. In this block, there is "label --set=root PicOS2", it means the running system is PicOS2.

menuentry PICOS-3.8.0.1+1 {
        search --no-floppy --label --set=root PicOS2
        linux /boot/vmlinuz root=LABEL=PicOS2 rw fsck.mode=force fsckfix  rootfstype=ext4 console=ttyS0,115200n8 intel_iommu=off nospectre_v2 nopti platform=n3200
        initrd /boot/initrd.img
}

Step7           From the ONIE prompt, perform the following commands to mount the current boot partition.

ONIE:/ # blkid
/dev/sda6: LABEL="User-Data" UUID="da55e09c-0e7b-4d96-a8c9-bee2ed5bb42c"
/dev/sda5: LABEL="PicOS2" UUID="3f228548-64c1-492c-ad3d-8ca7d248c11a"
/dev/sda4: LABEL="PicOS" UUID="039453f9-0879-4c86-9e0b-8ef4d34d9a66"
/dev/sda3: LABEL="PICOS-GRUB" UUID="b3a8ab95-43f9-4f21-9c76-7f48101be381"
/dev/sda2: LABEL="ONIE-BOOT" UUID="7fcaa6c8-d174-42c1-abd1-8c6eea46eb6b"
/dev/sda1: LABEL="EFI System" UUID="36E9-D2F5"
/dev/mmcblk0p2: LABEL="EDA-DIAG" UUID="48f14bec-740e-4aa2-9605-f32de15f9f2c"
/dev/mmcblk0p1: LABEL="EFI System" UUID="3D0E-3759"


ONIE:/ # mount /dev/sda5 /mnt/              // The partition is based on the step 6.

Step8           Modify the shadow file.

# vi etc/shadow

Change the following line from:
admin:$1$eE9WFgVk$EwGcNl83uK98.r8TcKn2q/:15385:0:99999:7:::
into:
admin::15385:0:99999:7:::    //Remove the string between the first and the second colon

Step9        Execute the sync operation.

# sync


The subsequent steps are distinguished between devices currently running in OVS and L2/L3 mode. Please choose the appropriate steps according to the PICOS mode.

Note: You can refer to the document https://intranet.pica8.com/display/PicOS41sp/Checking+PicOS+Mode to check the current PICOS mode of the device.

L2/L3 Mode:

Step10          Modify the configuration file.

ONIE:/# vi pica/config/pica_startup.boot

In the pica_startup.boot file, you will find lines starting with “user admin {“, remove lines of user admin configurations.

For example, remove the following six lines in configuration file.

user admin {
            authentication {
                plain-text-password: "$1$zL8TUrpq$/Y1tcx1IhwPkm6HEd4aEM/"
            }
            class: "super-user"
        }

Save and exit with “:wq”.

Copy the configuration file to the backup file.

ONIE:/# cp /mnt/pica/config/pica_startup.boot /mnt/backup/pica/config/pica_startup.boot
ONIE:/# sync

Step11          Umount and reboot the switch.

# umount /mnt
# reboot

Step12          When you see PICOS login again, you can log in by the admin user without a password. 

Step13           Set a new admin password using the following CLI commands and save the configuration.

root@XorPlus# set system login user admin authentication plain-text-password pica8            //Please enter the new password
root@XorPlus# set system login user admin class "super-user"
root@XorPlus# commit

After the above steps, you can log into the system with the new password.

OVS Mode:

Step10          Umount and reboot the switch.

# umount /mnt
# reboot

Step11          Set a new admin password with passwd admin command and save the configuration. The commands are illustrated here: 

root@XorPlus:~$ passwd admin
Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: password updated successfully
root@XorPlus:~$ save_config

After the above steps, you can log into the system with the new password.



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